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Resources

Technology

UTILIZATION OF SMALL-SCALE ASSOCIATED GAS
(UPDATED MARCH 2018)

Other Resources from The World Bank Group/Global Gas Flaring Reduction Partnership (GGFR)

Upstream gas flaring definitions

Flare measurement

Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)

Mini & micro Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

Comparison of Mini-LNG and CNG for commercializing small volumes of associated gas

Mini-GTL

DPR Regulations

See the DPR Guidelines below:

DPR Guidelines

National Gas Policy Approved By FEC In June,2017

The purpose pf this document is to define the policy of the Federal Government in respect of Nigeria’s natural gas endowment, establish its medium to long-term targets for gas reserves growth

National Petroleum Policy July, 2017

The purpose of this document is to define the policy of the Federal Government of Nigeria in respect of Nigeria’s crude endowment

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Act

&

Petroleum Act

NATIONAL GAS POLICY Approved by FEC (2017)

Glossary

  • Aerosol

    Solid or liquid particles suspended within the atmosphere (see “sulfate aerosols” and “black carbon aerosols”).

  • Aerosol Propellant

    Butane is commonly used as an aerosol propellant. It exists as a liquid under pressure. As the product is used, the butane turns to gas and maintains the pressure within the can. The pressure is the force behind the aerosol delivery.

  • Afforestation

    Planting of new forests on lands that have not been recently forested.

  • Appliance

    PG consuming device e.g. stove, water heater, space heater.

  • Auto Gas

    The LPG fuel used in LPG powered cars is quite often called “Autogas”. It can be propane or a mixture of propane and butane.

  • BBQ Gas

    A common term for the LPG in 9kg and 4kg gas bottles. The name refers to the application but the LPG is no different.

  • BBQ Gas Bottle

    A common term for 9kg and 4kg gas bottles typically used on a gas BBQ. Once again, the name refers to the application but the LPG is no different.

  • Biodiversity

    The variety of organisms found within a specified geographic region.

  • Biomass

    Living and recently dead biological material that can be used as fuel or for industrial production, such as wood.

  • Bottled Gas

    Bottled gas is the same as LPG. The term ‘bottled gas’ is typically used to differentiate between LPG and piped natural gas. Virtually all LPG comes in bottles, cylinders or larger tanks.

  • Bulk of LPG

    It refers to LPG delivered in large quantities by LPG tankers. With Bulk LPG, the storage vessels also tend to be larger than the standard cylinder sizes.

  • Bulk Supply

    LPG supply to a consumer’s tank.


  • Burners

    A burner is one component of an LPG appliance. As the name suggests, the gas burner is the point at which a mixture of LPG and air ignites into a controlled flame

  • Butane

    Butane is one of the gases that fall under the broad definition of a Liquefied Petroleum Gas. Butane has some specific applications where it is advantageous to use. These include greenhouse applications and use as a propellant in aerosols.

  • Campaign Gas

    A common term for the LPG in 9kg and 4kg gas bottles. The name refers to the application but the LPG is no different.

  • Clean Fuels

    Fuels which, when combusted, produce a relatively small amount of greenhouse and otherwise harmful gases.

  • Climate

    The long-term average weather of a region including typical weather patterns, the frequency and intensity of storms, cold spells, and heat waves. Climate is not the same as weather.

  • Climate Change

    Refers to changes in long-term trends in the average climate, such as changes in average temperatures.

  • Ecosystem

    A community of organisms and its physical environment.

  • Gas Cookers

    This term describes a single unit that combines a cooktop and oven.

  • Gas Cooktops

    A single unit array of gas burners, trivets and gas control knobs. A gas cooktop is typically mounted within a cut-out on a kitchen bench top. A gas cooktops may also be called a gas hob

  • Gas Cylinders

    Another name for gas bottles. It is the vessel used to store LPG. The term can also be used for bottles holding other types of gases.

  • Gas Stoves

    This term describes a single unit that combines a cooktop and oven.

  • Grade of LPG

    Type of LPG, e.g. chemical, commercial, high purity. Proportion of Butane/Propane in LPG mixture, e.g. Butane rich mixture


  • Liquified Petroleum Gas
    1. Liquefied Petroleum Gas or Liquid Petroleum Gas is more commonly known by the acronym LPG (or LP Gas).
    2. Liquefied Petroleum Gas is a group of flammable hydrocarbon gases that are liquefied through pressurization and commonly used as fuel.
    3. Liquefied Petroleum Gas comes from natural gas processing and petroleum refining.
    4. There are a number of gases that fall under the “LPG” label, including propane, butane and isobutane (i-butane), as well as mixtures of these gases.
    5. LPG gases can all be compressed into liquid at relatively low pressures.
  • Liquid Injection

    Liquid injection is a method of delivering LPG into an engine. Liquid injection can either be via port injection of direct injection into the combustion chamber

  • LP Gas

    A shortened version of Liquefied Petroleum Gas. LP gas describes the same variety of hydrocarbon gases.

  • LPG or LPG Gas
    1. LPG (or LP Gas) is the acronym for Liquefied Petroleum Gas or Liquid Petroleum Gas. Regardless of the fact that it is a redundant acronym, ‘LPG gas’ is also a very common term.
    2. LPG is a group of flammable hydrocarbon gases that are liquefied through pressurization and commonly used as fuel.
    3. LPG comes from natural gas processing and petroleum refining.
    4. There are a number of gases that fall under the “LPG” label, including propane, butane and isobutane (i-butane), as well as mixtures of these gases.
    5. LPG gases can all be compressed into liquid at relatively low pressures.
  • LPG Conversion

    The term ‘LPG Conversion’ refers to the process of converting a petrol powered vehicle to run on LPG autogas. Almost all vehicles fueled by unleaded petrol or diesel can be converted to dual-fuel LPG operation

  • Odourized Gas

    In its natural state, LPG is odourless. The distinctive smell that people associate with LPG is actually added as a safety measure. LPG is odourised using an odourant called Ethyl Mercaptan, which smells something like rotten cabbage

  • Propane

    Propane is the gas that is supplied to virtually all homes and most businesses that purchase LPG in Australia. In Australia, LPG goes by a number of names including Propane. However, it’s all the same gas

  • Refilling

    All gas bottles need to be refilled. For most gas bottle users, this is done at a gas depot and then the bottles are delivered to their home. Another alternative is to swap gas bottles. The term ‘refilling’ is typically applied when a user takes their gas bottle to a servo or other establishment. It is refilled, via decanting, while they wait

  • Regulator
    1. An LPG regulator is required to reduce the pressure and ensure a consistent 2.75kPa is safely delivered from the gas bottle to your appliances. Although the purpose of LPG regulators is the same, different applications may require different types of regulators
  • Safety Tilt Switch

    One of the possible gas heater safety devices on a gas heater is a safety tilt switch. This device is designed to cut off the flow of gas if the heater tips over.

  • Source of Ignition

    Any flame or spark can cause ignition. This includes all electrical gear like electrical switches, power points, air conditioners, compressors, pumps, lights, movement sensors, bug zappers, etc. There is an exclusion zone around LPG cylinders that is applicable to sources of ignition.

  • Tanker Delivery

    As opposed to exchange delivery, with tanker delivery the gas bottles remain in place and are refilled from an LPG tanker truck. Deliveries can be scheduled automatically or users can phone for a fill.


  • Tanks

    Large LPG storage vessels are typically called tanks. Typical sizes are 0.5, 1, 2, 2.5 & 3 tonne tanks. Large commercial customers and LPG depots may have even larger tanks like 10, 20 & 30 tonne tanks. As many tanks are made to order, many other sizes are also available.

  • Water Vapor

    Water vapor is the primary gas responsible for the greenhouse effect. It is believed that increases in temperature caused by anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases will increase the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere, resulting in additional

  • Weather

    Describes the short-term (i.e., hourly and daily) state of the atmosphere. Weather is not the same as climate.

  • Clean Fuels

    Fuels which, when combusted, produce a relatively small amount of greenhouse and otherwise harmful gases.